Everything in modern blues and jazz begins in the distant 1870s when America comes out of the Civil War and slavery is rejected. People from all over the world started to migrate, and so many new genres such as jazz, blues, blugras, kliezmer, naydeko and the contemporary rock, rap and hip-hop emerged and mixed together.
The Blues originated in the late 19th and early 20th centuries along the Mississippi River. At first this is perceived as an extremely "black" music created by niggers for niggers. They sang while working on plantations – for love, heavy slavery, and separation with loved ones. The songs were performed in banjo and guitar accompaniment. A man called "leader" sang the melody, and everyone else responds in group. Subsequently, the Blues is combined with the folk music of the white immigrants- country and some other styles, which gave rise to several different branches in the blues.
The Blues and its varieties (delta blues, Piedmont blues, jump blues and Chicago blues) have a strong impact on the development of later Western popular music and are based on genres such as jazz, rock, hip-hop and others.
The legend of Blues music is BB King. The Mississippi born musician is considered one of the greatest guitarists of all time. He has nearly 30 studio albums and has spent more than 65 years on stage, sometimes making 300 concerts a year. He is one of the three Kings of the Blues along with Albert King and Freddie King.
The Blues in Bulgaria
The Blues appearance does not delay in Bulgaria. Famous Bulgarian artists are Georgi Minchev, Vasko the Patch and Poduene blues band, Bugi Barabata, Kamen Katsata, Rocking Chair, 5XL, Guitar Nick & Blue Al, Blues Traffic, Little Big Band, Blues Boulevard, Jimmy's band, Zdravko Gulov, Herman's Wolf Band , Georgi Marhollev and “Sunrise” Group.
ALL THAT JAZZ
Around 1808 about half a million slaves from Africa were deported to the United States, with them they brought their traditional tribal dances and instruments.
Music festivals were organized in New Orleans, New York and New England until 1843, where African music is performed. The songs did not correspond to the then European notions of harmony. Gradually black artists learned to play on European instruments and in particular on violin. At the same time, European artists started to include elements of African music.
The jazz gained true development and popularity in the 20s and 30s. Along with that it is awarded the reputation of immoral music, and the older generation perceived it as a threat to their traditional values. The most popular formations at that time were the big bands of Duke Ellington, County Bassey and Benny Goodman. Ellington is also considered as one of the most significant composers in the jazz history. In the 1930s- swing, which is music for dancing was also born, and at the same time was broadcasted on the radio channels for many years. At that time jazz appeared for the first time in Europe - in France and Belgium.
Jazz in Bulgaria
The founder of the Bulgarian jazz is the Harmanli-born Asen Ovcharov. In 1942 he created the first classical jazz orchestra in Bulgaria and the Balkans. Its soloist violinist is Sasho Sladura, and vocalist Lea Ivanova. Immediately after the war the jazz in Bulgaria was forbidden. People who dealt with this music were repressed. Assen Ovcharov was arrested and jailed at the Belene camp, while Lea Ivanova was in the Nojarovo camp and Sasho Sladura in Lovech, where he was killed in 1961.
The first Bulgarian jazz band with international recognition is the legendary "Jazz Focus 65".In 1967 the quartet (composed by Milcho Leviev, Simeon Shterev, Petar Slavov and Lyubomir Mitsov) won the critics award at the festival in Montreux, Switzerland. In 1968 they also recorded an album beyond “the Iron Curtain” in the FRG.
"White Green Red" was one of the most active Bulgarian jazz ensembles from the 70s, and the combo- compositions of Simeon Shterev and Konstantin Nosov played in the best traditions of the world jazz.
In the early 1980s, jazz in Bulgaria continued its development thanks to the singer Kamelia Todorova and
the musician Milcho Leviev (who included Bulgarian folk music motifs into his compositions).